Home » Japanese food glossary

Japanese food glossary

by Best-Japanese Team

Here is a list of Japanese food glossary from A-Z. To save you time searching for each dish or type of food on the net, we have gathered them for you all on one page.

  • Fukujin-zuke = Pickles often eaten along with Japanese curry. The finely chopped vegetables used in the pickle include Japanese radish, aubergine, lotus root and cucumber.
  • Grilled Eel = Grilled Eel is usually served sliced and over a bowl of steamed rice with a thick sweet sauce drizzled on top.
  • Gyudon = Gyu mean beef in Japanese while Don in short for rice bowl. Put them together and you get a gyudon – a hearty rice bowl topped with beef.
  • Kakiage = Thinly cut vegetables which are then deep-fried with tempura batter.
  • Kamaboko = Sometimes called a Japanese fish cake, Kamaboko is a processed seafood product often seen in Japanese cuisine.
  • Karaage = Japanese-style friend chicken. The chicken is marinated in soy sauce, sake, ginger, and garlic then coated in potato starch.
  • Mochi = A type of traditional Japanese rice cake that is made by pounded steamed sticky rice grains into a paste.
  • Okonomiyaki = A Japanese savoury pancake, made with flour, eggs, shredded cabbage, and your choice of topping.
  • Omu-rice = Omurice or omu-rice consists of an omelette made with fried rice wrapped in an egg omelette, usually topped with ketchup. 
  • Onigiri = Riceballs filled with salmon or other delicious fillings. Typically wrapped in seaweed sheets and in a triangular shape. Can be without fillings and / or in a circle shape too.
  • Somen = Thin noodles made of wheat and normally eaten cold in summer with a dipping sauce.
  • Tonkotsu =  A style of ramen from Fukuoka that is made of a rich, pork broth, fresh noodles, soft-yolk eggs, and often comes with toppings like tender pork belly.
  • Takoyaki = A ball-shaped Japanese snack made of a wheat flour-based batter and cooked in a special molded pan. They are typically filled with minced or diced octopus, tempura scraps, pickled ginger, and green onion.

We hope this Japanese food glossary has been useful

You may also like


Coco Ichibanya London: How does it compare to Japan? - Best-Japanese June 16, 2021 - 9:40 pm

[…] Probably the Chicken Katsu Omelette curry – although this could be just general longing for Omu raisu (omelette rice) and the eggplant with vegetable and spinach […]

The best Japanese Supermarket in London - Best-Japanese June 16, 2021 - 9:52 pm

[…] food section is extensive and you can get staples like Okonomiyaki flour, a solid selection of noodles including vegan friendly ramen, and a fantastic range of […]

Kanada-ya Ramen – Number One Ramen in London - Best-Japanese June 20, 2021 - 11:43 am

[…] first found their Piccadilly ramen branch after having a nostalgic Gyudon at Machiya in Panton Street. While in Machiya my Japanese coworker was telling me through Instagram […]

WA Cafe London - Authentic Japanese Patisserie - Best-Japanese June 21, 2021 - 10:08 pm

[…] bakery goods too. This includes Shokupan milk bread, Matcha chocolate croissants, nostalgic Melon pan, and recently fruit […]

Ricky June 27, 2021 - 11:32 pm

Nice! I didn’t know Tonkotsu originated from Fukuoka. It’s definitely an art the way they make ramen in Japan. Thanks for the glossary! It’s nice to have.

Shoryu Ramen Manchester-Review - Best-Japanese July 13, 2021 - 6:35 pm

[…] Hakata Tonkotsu which is meant to be richer. The gyozas were crispy on top and a good size. The Takoyaki could have had a bit more tako (octopus) in it but I understand it’s not to everyone’s […]

Top 10 Japanese restaurants in London - Best-Japanese July 15, 2021 - 9:18 pm

[…] It’s a no-distractions minimal interior restaurant just like most ramen restaurants in Japan. Tonkotsu and combinations of pork and corn-fed chicken broths are what it specialises in (along with a […]

Tanakatsu: the top Tonkatsu restaurant in London - Best-Japanese August 1, 2021 - 11:00 pm

[…] croquette. As with all the Katsu and Teriyaki sets, this comes with a bowl of steamed white rice, Fujin-zuke pickles, and a good quantity of shredded […]

Matcha Ice Cream and Green Tea at Tombo Cafe - Best-Japanese August 12, 2021 - 10:09 pm

[…] just seemed the right one to try for a first timer. The matcha soft serve comes adorned with a mini mochi, azuki red beans, and a monaka wafer. A lovely kuromitsu black sugar syrup is then added on top. It […]

Top Japanese restaurant in West London - Ezo - Best-Japanese August 20, 2021 - 10:23 pm

[…] was the main dishes. My friends ordered the Tonkotsu ramen and the Salmon Teriyaki and rice. The Salmon Teriyaki was a lovely combination of Scottish […]

Mugen for the best Sushi in London! - Best-Japanese August 23, 2021 - 9:41 pm

[…] the dishes arrived though – both were fantastic, although I’m more of a fan of their Karaage if I had to pick one over the […]

Koya City for authentic Japanese udon noodles - Best-Japanese September 3, 2021 - 7:27 pm

[…] is braised pork belly) was incredible, so I had to try this. Meanwhile my friend got a side dish of Kakiage. The Kakuni came out first and did not disappoint – it was rich, juicy and literally melted […]

Kansai Kitchen: Must try Japanese restaurant in Bristol! - Best-Japanese September 8, 2021 - 9:40 pm

[…] here is a photo of their Somen noodles. It is another dish you don’t see often in Japanese restaurants in the UK, which is a […]

Best Ramen in London - Tonkotsu and Shoyu - Best-Japanese September 11, 2021 - 3:31 pm

[…] and it certainly makes the list for the Top 10 Japanese restaurants in town. It specialises in Tonkotsu ramen and combinations of pork and corn-fed chicken broths along with a truffle ramen! There […]


Leave a Comment