Japanese food glossary

by Best-Japanese Team

Here is a list of Japanese food glossary from A-Z. To save you time searching for each dish or type of food on the net, we have gathered them for you all on one page.

  • Fukujin-zuke = Pickles often eaten along with Japanese curry. The finely chopped vegetables used in the pickle include Japanese radish, aubergine, lotus root and cucumber.
  • Grilled Eel = Grilled Eel is usually served sliced and over a bowl of steamed rice with a thick sweet sauce drizzled on top.
  • Gyudon = Gyu mean beef in Japanese while Don in short for rice bowl. Put them together and you get a gyudon – a hearty rice bowl topped with beef.
  • Kakiage = Thinly cut vegetables which are then deep-fried with tempura batter.
  • Kamaboko = Sometimes called a Japanese fish cake, Kamaboko is a processed seafood product often seen in Japanese cuisine.
  • Karaage = Japanese-style friend chicken. The chicken is marinated in soy sauce, sake, ginger, and garlic then coated in potato starch.
  • Mochi = A type of traditional Japanese rice cake that is made by pounded steamed sticky rice grains into a paste.
  • Okonomiyaki = A Japanese savoury pancake, made with flour, eggs, shredded cabbage, and your choice of topping.
  • Omu-rice = Omurice or omu-rice consists of an omelette made with fried rice wrapped in an egg omelette, usually topped with ketchup. 
  • Onigiri = Riceballs filled with salmon or other delicious fillings. Typically wrapped in seaweed sheets and in a triangular shape. Can be without fillings and / or in a circle shape too.
  • Somen = Thin noodles made of wheat and normally eaten cold in summer with a dipping sauce.
  • Tonkotsu =  A style of ramen from Fukuoka that is made of a rich, pork broth, fresh noodles, soft-yolk eggs, and often comes with toppings like tender pork belly.
  • Takoyaki = A ball-shaped Japanese snack made of a wheat flour-based batter and cooked in a special molded pan. They are typically filled with minced or diced octopus, tempura scraps, pickled ginger, and green onion.

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The Best Japanese Team is a community of friends and family living in the UK and Japan. Our main goal is to share accurate knowledge on Japanese food, culture, lifestyle, and travel. We also wish to support Japanese inspired creators and businesses across the world. As we grow we welcome contributions from like-minded invididuals so if this sounds like you please don’t hesitate to get in touch.

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